Safety, Health and Hygiene


The Lamb Group provides a wide variety of OSHA compliance programs and services to help your business achieve OSHA standards. Below you will find complete information about them.

Please feel free to contact us with any questions.

OSHA Compliance Audits

A compliance audit will identify which OSHA regulations apply in your facility and what actions are required to ensure compliance. The benefits of compliance, apart from avoidance of potential fines and penalties, include a safer working environment, reduced injuries, and savings on workers' compensation costs. Lamb Consultants will review your worksite, procedures, equipment and records to ensure you have written programs, standard operating procedures, training records, personal protective equipment, in plant signage, labeling, employee notification, medical surveillance, and other record keeping required by applicable OSHA standards. The agreed scope of an audit may include any or all of the following:

  • Process Safety Management (PSM)
  • Ammonia System Integrity Services
  • Hazard Communications (HAZCOM)
  • Control of Hazardous Energy
  • Emergency Action/Response
  • Hearing Conservation
  • Respiratory Protection
  • Employee Exposure Monitoring (air, noise)
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Engineering Controls
  • Administrative Controls
  • Industrial Truck Safety
  • Training and Record Keeping

Following the detailed audit, you will receive a confidential report indentifying deficiencies along with specific recommendations to achieve compliance.

Process Safety Management (PSM)

OSHA’s Process Safety Management Standard (1910.119) is a complex, goal-oriented standard designed to prevent disasters from the accidental release of chemicals. The Lamb Group specializes in Anhydrous Ammonia. Lamb Consultants, working closely with your key personnel, will develop a compliance program which identifies hazardous processes and details safety information related to process chemicals, technology and equipment. We will conduct Process Hazard Analyses (PHA’s) to analyze the potential causes and consequences of fires, explosions, chemical releases and major spills, focusing on equipment, instrumentation, utilities, human factors and external factors which may impact the process.

Based on data collected, we will develop Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) to be performed. We will further detail the training requirements, including safe work practices and procedures for emergency response. We will provide written procedures to maintain the mechanical Integrity of process equipment and P&ID’s. Procedures for work authorization will be developed, along with procedures to manage changes in process chemicals, technology or equipment. The compliance program will detail the requirements for investigating and acting on incidents which result, or could have resulted, in the catastrophic release of anhydrous ammonia.



In addition to normal programs for Process Safety Management (PSM) for Ammonia Refrigeration, the Lamb Group offers two additional services related to maintaining the integrity of your ammonia refrigeration system.

  • Five Year Independent Mechanical Inspection of the system and all components by competent refrigeration trained personnel.
  • Ultrasonic Non-Destructive Testing Services utilizing trained and certified NDT technicians and the latest most reliable testing equipment

Our technicians are not only NDT qualified but are also trained in ammonia refrigeration, giving us the advantage of understanding your system and its applications, thus enabling us to assist your personnel in the decision making process of where to test and the number of tests needed. Our equipment utilizes dual transducer probes to gain access to the bottom of surface pits and to measure true minimum remaining wall thickness on piping, and pressure vessels. All test sites are numbered, tagged, photographed, and annotated on the system P&IDs.

The final testing results are provided in a confidential easily understandable report format detailing the results of the testing and recommendations for corrective actions. The report may also use the data from the testing to project the remaining service life of the piping and vessels.


Hazard Communications (HAZCOM)

OSHA's HAZCOM Standard (1910.1200) requires all workers who may be exposed to hazardous chemicals and compounds understand the risks of exposure, and the precautions necessary to prevent exposure. In preparing your compliance manual, Lamb Consultants will catalog all covered substances on your premises. They will assemble all necessary MSDS's and will define the criteria and methods for proper labeling and other forms of warning. They may assist management in determining which employees may be exposed to specific hazards and define the content and methods to be used to properly inform employees of the hazards to which they may be exposed.


Control of Hazardous Energy

Workers required to service or maintain machinery or equipment powered by hazardous energy sources, as well as those in the area of such servicing, must be protected (1910.147). Lamb's compliance program will specify each machine or piece of equipment covered by the standard and will include your operating procedures and responsibilities for the placement, removal and transfer of Lockout/Tagout devices. This will include the steps for shutting down machinery or equipment and for isolating energy sources, including the requirements for testing the effectiveness of the energy control measures and re-energizing. The plan will detail which employees are affected and the training requirements and methodology.


Emergency Action/Response

Employees must know how to act or respond in case of a workplace emergency (1910.38). Lamb Consultants will detail pre-emergency planning and prevention and emergency recognition. Methods and procedures for emergency alert will be specified, as well as procedures for evacuation and handling emergency response. Methods and frequency of training are also covered.


Hearing Conservation

Occupational hearing loss hurts both the affected worker and the employer alike. Noise-induced hearing loss is a gradual, deteriorative process which must be detected early in order to avoid permanent injury and compensation costs. Our expertise in hearing conservation is both extensive and comprehensive, involving the three critical aspects: detection, prevention, and assessment.

We begin by preparing a formal, written hearing conservation program. This plan is the first critical step in the compliance process, scheduling the actions required. These may include identifying noise sources and those employees who may be exposed to excessive noise; the administrative and engineering controls required to reduce the risk of exposure, as well as any personal protective equipment that may be required; the method and frequency of noise surveys and employee exposure monitoring; the methods and frequency of audiometric testing and analysis; and the requirements for employee education and for record keeping.

Lamb Consultants will conduct thorough noise surveys, including octave band analysis with damage risk curves, and can provide engineering solutions to reduce noise levels, as outlined in later sections. Consultants will also conduct personnel Dosimetry to determine employee exposure, identifying those individuals and/or functions where exposure equals or exceeds the permissible 8-hour time-weighted average. Such monitoring must be done whenever there is a change in your processes, equipment, or production. Tests will also determine the effectiveness of personal hearing protectors. All employees must be informed of their time weighted (TWA) averages, in writing by the employer.

Our mobile audiometric service can provide on-site audiometric testing with minimal work disruption. Annual audiograms are professionally analyzed and compared to the baseline to provide early detection of problems.

Our comprehensive service incorporates employee education on the effects of noise on hearing, the proper use of hearing protectors, and the value of and procedures for audiometric testing.


Noise Surveys & Dosimetry

Critical concerns for hearing conservation are the level of noise in the workplace; the sources of high noise levels; which employees are exposed to high noise levels and for how long, etc. Equipped with state-of-the-art instruments, we determine the time-weighted average (TWA) noise exposure of individual workers. Using octave band analyzers, we can assist in determining the appropriate type of hearing protection. Our management reports include TWA graphs for each job function, attenuation data for hearing protectors, and a damage risk curve to help in determining the maximum allowable unprotected noise exposure. This information assists program administration and can help reduce workers compensation claims.


Engineered Noise Controls

Under OSHA's Noise Standard (1910.95), personal hearing protection can be considered a temporary solution only after engineering and administrative solutions prove inadequate or unfeasible. Lamb's engineered noise controls include architectural systems, HVAC isolations, precision isolation systems, shock control systems, floating floors, enclosures and panels, free standing, restrained, and housed spring isolators, isolation hangers, fiberglass and neoprene isolators, inertia base frames, high pressure pipe isolation and a variety of barrier materials and sound absorbers.


Audiometric Testing

Lamb Group offers the best quality, most cost-effective, one-on-one, on-site audiometric testing possible. All Consultants are certified and only manual testing equipment is employed, to ensure accurate, reliable test results. Tests are scheduled to minimize work interruptions and all testing is done at your plant. Management reports are comprehensive and clear, providing specific information on potential liability from possible hearing loss claims. Employees are provided with memoranda concerning their results and any Standard Threshold Shift (STS) results are retested.


Respiratory Protection

Lamb's expertise in respiratory protection is both extensive and comprehensive, involving the development of formal programs, personnel exposure monitoring, selection and proper fitting of respirators, and pulmonary function testing with medical clearance.


Respiratory Program

This OSHA compliance program (1910.134) identifies those areas and tasks which require the use of respirators. It details the criteria for selection of respirators and the responsibilities for program administration. It sets forth the methods and frequency of industrial hygiene exposure monitoring. It details the requirements for medical evaluation and on-going surveillance. It defines the procedures for issuance, care and maintenance of respiratory protection equipment, including the requirements for individual fit testing. The program identifies the nature of respiratory hazards and the administrative, engineering and protective controls to be employed. It sets forth the requirements for record keeping and provides master forms for all aspects. The written program also details the requirements and methods for employee training.


Contaminant Exposure Testing

Lamb Consultants can complete thorough and reliable sampling and analysis for any type of airborne contaminants. Such testing and analysis is required for respiratory programs and for compliance with numerous vertical standards, including those for lead, cotton dust, and cadmium, to name just a few. All samples are analyzed by AIHA - certified labs and results are routinely available in 10 working days, less if the situation requires. Reports detail the levels of airborne contaminant by specific work area or job function and specify the level of individual exposure, in order to determine whether worker exposure exceeds limits.


Pulmonary Function Testing

Lamb offers high-quality, cost-effective, on-site pulmonary function testing. Whether PFT's are required as part of a respiratory protection program, in response to exposure incidents, or as a key aspect of an in-plant wellness program, testing can be arranged to ensure minimal disruption of daily work routine. Our Consultants are qualified to administration of Pulmonary Function Tests. Test results are reviewed by a physician. Management reports are comprehensive and clear, allowing early intervention if problems are detected.


Indoor Air Quality Assessment

Lamb Consultants can conduct a complete analysis of indoor air quality. This includes analysis of specific substances as well as broad range analysis by such methods as gas chromatography. Ventilation analysis can determine the effectiveness of both supply and exhaust hoods. Chronic complaints of headache, sore eyes and throat, respiratory stress, nausea and the like may be an indication of poor indoor air quality or Sick Building Syndrome. Our Consultants can conduct a thorough analysis of indoor air quality and ventilation effectiveness in order to identify problems and implement corrective actions.